Indefinite Leave to Remain
Indefinite Leave to Remain (ILR) is the term for British settlement or permanent residency. ILR status allows you to live and work in the UK without restrictions on the length of stay. It is the equivalent of the United States permanent residency/ green card. ILR residents may apply for UK citizenship after a period of continuous residence.
Explained below are the various ways to obtain ILR status through a family member who is established in the UK or through EEA national status.
EEA aare eligible to settle in the UK without a permit. Family members of EEA and Swiss nationals are eligible to settle in the UK as well but require an EEA Family Permit to do so.
You need an EEA Family Permit if you are a visa national or are coming to live with the EEA national in the UK permanently or on a long-term basis.
Qualifying family members are: spouses or civil partners; children or grandchildren who are under 21 years of age or are dependent on you; and the parents or grandparents of you and your spouse or civil partner if they are dependent on you.
Partners, dependent children, and adult dependents who are relatives of a British citizen, a person who is settled in the UK, or a person who has refugee leave or humanitarian status may be eligible to settle in the UK.
The application process for settlement has recently changed. If you applied as a relative before July 8, 2012, the below information may not apply to you. To learn more about applications submitted before July 8, 2012, visit the UKVI site - partners, fiancé(e) and proposed civil partners.
|Fiancé(e) and proposed civil partners||
|Adult dependent relatives||
|Parent of child in the UK***||
*Partners include husband, wife, civil partner, unmarried or same-sex partner. Partners who applied before July 8, 2012 require a different process than the current one.
** Some exceptions apply: if one parent is dead; if the parent settled or settling in the UK has sole responsibility and custody of the child; or if there are serious reasons why the child needs to join the parent settling or settled in the UK.
***There are separate processes and requirements for this category depending if you are filing while in the UK or outside the UK.